They were too God-intoxicated to be "astronomically intimidated. I submit that an individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and who willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the highest respect for law.
Boutwell will be reasonable enough to see the futility of massive resistance to desegregation.
It is unfortunate that demonstrations are taking place in Birmingham, but it is even more unfortunate that the city's white power structure left the Negro community with no alternative. To put it in the terms of St.
That would lead to anarchy. And now this approach is being termed extremist. Segregation, to use the terminology of the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber, substitutes an "I it" relationship for an "I thou" relationship and ends up relegating persons to the status of things.
If I have said anything in this letter that overstates the truth and indicates an unreasonable impatience, I beg you to forgive me.
The other, Jesus Christ, was an extremist for love, truth and goodness, and thereby rose above his environment. They will be old, oppressed, battered Negro women, symbolized in a seventy two year old woman in Montgomery, Alabama, who rose up with a sense of dignity and with her people decided not to ride segregated buses, and who responded with ungrammatical profundity to one who inquired about her weariness: There was a time when the church was very powerful--in the time when the early Christians rejoiced at being deemed worthy to suffer for what they believed.
But now I must affirm that it is just as wrong, or perhaps even more so, to use moral means to preserve immoral ends. Never again can we afford to live with the narrow, provincial "outside agitator" idea.
This "Wait" has almost always meant "Never. There can be no deep disappointment where there is not deep love. At first I was rather disappointed that fellow clergymen would see my nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist.
But he will not see this without pressure from devotees of civil rights. So often it is an archdefender of the status quo. If the inexpressible cruelties of slavery could not stop us, the opposition we now face will surely fail.
I therefore concur with you in your call for negotiation. I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. We readily consented, and when the hour came we lived up to our promise.
I can assure you that it would have been much shorter if I had been writing from a comfortable desk, but what else can one do when he is alone in a narrow jail cell, other than write long letters, think long thoughts and pray long prayers.
Yes, I see the church as the body of Christ. If I sought to answer all the criticisms that cross my desk, my secretaries would have little time for anything other than such correspondence in the course of the day, and I would have no time for constructive work.
Who is their God. I also hope that circumstances will soon make it possible for me to meet each of you, not as an integrationist or a civil-rights leader but as a fellow clergyman and a Christian brother.
Their witness has been the spiritual salt that has preserved the true meaning of the gospel in these troubled times. Several months ago the affiliate here in Birmingham asked us to be on call to engage in a nonviolent direct action program if such were deemed necessary.
One who breaks an unjust law must do so openly, lovingly, and with a willingness to accept the penalty. You deplore the demonstrations taking place in Birmingham. Let us consider a more concrete example of just and unjust laws.
We must use time creatively, in the knowledge that the time is always ripe to do right. The Negro has many pent up resentments and latent frustrations, and he must release them.
Connor and his policemen have been rather nonviolent in public, as was Chief Pritchett in Albany, Georgia, but they have used the moral means of nonviolence to maintain the immoral end of racial injustice.
A few signs, briefly removed, returned; the others remained. If today I lived in a Communist country where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I would openly advocate disobeying that country's antireligious laws.
We readily consented, and when the hour came we lived up to our promise. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny.
"Letter from a Birmingham Jail [King, Jr.]" 16 April There have been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the nation. These are the hard, brutal facts of the case.Martin Luther King, Jr.
Published in: King, Martin Luther Jr. Page Editor. Inat the height of the Civil Rights revolution, the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was leading demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Letter from Birmingham Jail, also known as the Letter from Birmingham City Jail and The Negro Is Your Brother, is an open letter written on April 16,by Martin Luther King Jr. The letter defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism. Letter From Birmingham Jail 1 A U G U S T 1 9 6 3 Letter from Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King, Jr.
From the Birmingham jail, where he was imprisoned as a participant in nonviolent demonstrations against segregation, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote in longhand the letter which follows. Righteous, MeasuredMost of Dr. King's speeches, interviews, and writings are both righteous and measured, and "Letter from Birmingham Jail" epitomizes that kind of tone.
Analysis of Martin Luther King’s Letter from Birmingham Jail “Letter from a Birmingham Jail’ was written by Martin Luther King in the year This was an open letter written by Martin Luther King from a Birmingham jail in Alabama, where he had been imprisoned for participating in the arrangement and organization of a peaceful protest.An analysis of a letter from birmingham city jail by martin luther king jr